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Academic Journal Articles

Page history last edited by Kim Stieber-White 12 years, 9 months ago



New!! Formative vs. Summative Assessment New!!

Referenced at staff meeting - containing oral, written and visual summative assessment ideas 


Grading/Reporting Articles


"Helping Standards Make the Grade" by Thomas R. Guskey

Educational Leadership, Sep2001, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p20, 8p

          Discusses how educators in the United States can develop an accurate standards-based grading

and reporting system. Challenges in grading and reporting; Types of systems for standards-based reporting

forms; Advantages of standards-based grading. 


"Making High School Grades Meaningful"

by Thomas R. Guskey

Phi Delta Kappan, May2006, Vol. 87 Issue 9, p670-675, 6p

          The article discusses the grading process in high schools. There are discrepancies resulting from grading policies and practices that allow weighting and unintentional bias, as well as the influence of state accountability assessments. Sources for determining grades include exams, projects, homework, and attendance. An alternative method is to give students multiple grades based on product, process and progress criteria.


"Computerized Gradebooks and the Myth of Objectivity"

by Thomas R. Guskey

Phi Delta Kappan, Jun2002, Vol. 83 Issue 10, p775, 6p

               Suggests that though computerized grading programs and electronic gradebooks are useful tools, teachers must still decide what grade offers the most accurate and fairest description of each student's achievement. Pros and cons of computerized grading programs; Criticism of the practice of averaging; The practice of lowering students' grades because of behavior issues; The need for careful planning, thoughtful judgment and concern for the well-being of students when grading.


     "High Percentages Are Not the Same as High Standards"

by Thomas R. Guskey

Phi Delta Kappan, Mar2001, Vol. 82 Issue 7, p534, 3p

          Discusses problems with educational testing in the United States. The question of whether setting a certain score as a cutoff is the same as having high standards; Example of question which, when the wording is changed, produces different student answers; Problems with setting an appropriate cutoff; Conclusions.


 "0 Alternatives" by Thomas R. Guskey

Principal Leadership: High School Edition; Oct2004, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p49-53, 5p

          Discusses the alternatives to zero in the school grading system. Consequences of assigning I or Incomplete grades; Importance of a separate report on a student's behavioral aspects; Feasibility of abandoning the zero grade in motivating students.


"Grading Exceptional Learners" 

by Lee Ann Jung and Thomas R. Guskey

Educational Leadership; Feb2010, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p31-35, 5p

     The article offers a five-step model for grading students with disabilities and English language learners fairly and accurately. The product, process, and progress learning criteria related to standards are explored. According to the article, after a high-quality grading system is established, schools can establish a five-step model that provides a framework for grading exceptional learners. It is suggested that teachers ask themselves whether or not the standard is an appropriate expectation without adaptations, followed by determining what type of adaptation the standard needs. Other parts of the model discussed include modified standards and communicating the meaning of the grade.



Assessment Article 


 "Formative Assessment: Seven Stepping Stones to Success"

by W. James Popham 

Principal Leadership, v9 n1 p16-20 Sep 2008. 5 pp.

     Formative assessment is a planned process that uses assessments to inform changes in instruction or learning. Because of its focus on instruction and learning, formative assessment is based in the classroom, although school-level structures, such as learning communities, can support the process. In this article, the author presents seven stepping-stone "understandings" that secondary school principals need to possess if they wish to add formative assessment to their leadership repertoires. In concert, these seven understandings will contribute to successful formative assessment.




Related Articles


Our School's Mission: 

"What is a Professional Learning Community?" by Rick DuFour

 Educational Leadership, May2004, Vol. 61 Issue 8, p6-11, 6p 

          Examines the concept of professional learning communities in schools and the ideas that represent the core principles of professional learning community model. Issues about student learning that should be addressed under the professional learning community model; Approach that the learning community model should apply to students who experience learning difficulties.




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